At the university level, writing a good essay requires that you have a clear message. This implies that you should organization your key points, providing support with evidence-based arguments, and packaging everything at the end such that the reader knows what he or she has learned. To achieve such an objective, you need to consider the perspective of the reader. If you can identify what might make them tumble as they read your work, then you can prevent snags that might be boring or confusing. The following are basic rules of writing an essay to assist you avoid the easy snags that are common in writing. However, once you have a clear grasp of the guidelines, you can apply a unique approach toward your writing. If you are uncertain, these tips can be of great help.
1. The opening paragraph should clearly define what you are going to discuss in the essay. The following three elements are vital: The thesis (what is the problem?), it’s importance, and how you are going to approach it. If you address each of these items in your opening paragraph, your reader will know what he/she is reading, why, and what they should expect to learn.
2. Organize the essay to cover a list of subtopics ensuring that each supports your thesis. In case you are writing a long essay, you should divide it into sections with appropriate headings covering the various subtopics. You should introduce these topics early enough in the opening paragraph. Your goal is to organize information to simplify the reader’s understanding and remembering.
3. Paragraphs should begin with opening sentences that state the key idea in that particular paragraph. As part of the rules for writing an essay, you should write sentences that are not only easy to read, but also follow each other for a smooth read. Avoid long paragraphs which do not support your thesis. Use concise sentences to simplify complex paragraphs.
4. Paragraphs should follow each other through transitions. Essay writing rules require that you try to make it easy for your reader to understand your message. Proper organization allows you to understand and communicate your ideas with ease.
5. Simplify your sentences. The rules for essay writing demand that you avoid having long sentences in your writing. If in doubt, simplify longer sentences by breaking them up into smaller ones. Do away with weak and empty sentences, while ensuring that you provide clarity. You can proofread your essay to ascertain that the sentences are clear. You can achieve that reading them out loud or having someone else help with the proofreading.
6. Elaborate on new terms whenever you introduce them. Essay writing rule tips require that you do not assume that the reader knows the meaning of novel terms. Therefore, you should avoid complicated terminology except when communicating key idea. You should always assume that you know more than the reader, hence the need for clarification.
7. In scientific papers, use synonyms for vital concepts ONLY when explaining them for the first time. As part of the essay writing rules and regulations, you should use the same scientific word each time after explaining it. For instance, a word such as “affect” can be replaced by “emotions” or “feelings”. However, you are advised to continue using the word “affect” to avoid confusing the reader. Simply, you can use synonyms to define a term, but make sure to use it throughout the essay.
8. Take caution when using the following words: “That”, “Those”, “Their”, “This”, “These” and/or “They”. You should know that the words outlined do not constantly refer to what you think. You should always ensure that each word is connected to the intended idea clearly. Casual use of “these” words will blur the reader making them find difficulty understanding what you are addressing. Doing so will break the flow of the essay complicating the message. A simple approach stating what you are referring helps you achieve precision in your writing.
9. Make use of concrete information. In writing an essay, concrete information is not only easier to understand, but is also appealing. Readers are likely to have an easier time remembering the key ideas and supporting evidence. Examples of concrete information such as facts, statistics, quotes, among other details. Concrete information is part of a key requirement when it comes to the rules for writing a reflective essay. Your reader is likely to get bored if you do not communicate concrete information.
10. Make sure to acknowledge other authors who have already published an idea similar to your own. Cite authors who have already published information on an idea that you have. In doing so, you acknowledge that other individuals share in your insight and their information can be used as a benchmark to support your message. As a scholar, you will be showing appreciation for the broader context.
11. Be relevant. Avoid wasting time on random facts that have no value to your message. Such words as “actually”, or “really”, are extra and can be avoided. Sections that have unrelated facts which deviate from your main thesis should be excluded. A reader is likely to get confused when reading content that does not support your main idea. You should have a draft to determine what you should and shouldn’t include to ensure clarity of your argument.
12. Critique your own essay. You should reference literature that criticizes your main argument, while also using another reference to criticize your criticizer. Doing so demonstrates a clear understanding of the issues you have discussed. Whatever follows next is your conclusion.
13. Conclusion: state your position, predict an outcome, or recommend a future action. A recommendation can be such as an experiment, or a new idea to be explored. You should provide a summary of your thesis alongside the evidence given in the essay.